## Abstract

Current Monte Carlo codes use one of three models to model neutron scattering in the epithermal energy range: (1) the asymptotic scattering model, (2) the free gas scattering model, or (3) the S(α,β) model, depending on the neutron energy and the specific Monte Carlo code. The free gas scattering model assumes the scattering cross section is constant over the neutron energy range, which is usually a good approximation for light nuclei, but not for heavy nuclei where the scattering cross section may have several resonances in the epithermal region. Several researchers in the field have shown that using the free gas scattering model in the vicinity of the resonances in the lower epithermal range can under-predict resonance absorption due to the upscattering phenomenon. Existing methods all involve performing the collision analysis in the center-of-mass frame, followed by a conversion back to the laboratory frame. In this paper, we will present a new sampling methodology that (1) accounts for the energy-dependent scattering cross sections in the collision analysis and (2) acts in the laboratory frame, avoiding the conversion to the center-of-mass frame. The energy dependence of the scattering cross section was modeled with even-ordered polynomials to approximate the scattering cross section in Blackshaw's equations for the moments of the differential scattering PDFs. These moments were used to sample the outgoing neutron speed and angle in the laboratory frame on-the-fly during the random walk of the neutron. Results for criticality studies on fuel pin and fuel assembly calculations using these methods showed very close comparison to results using the reference Doppler-broadened rejection correction (DBRC) scheme.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering, M and C 2013 |

Pages | 1466-1481 |

Number of pages | 16 |

State | Published - 2013 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering, M and C 2013 - Sun Valley, ID, United States Duration: May 5 2013 → May 9 2013 |

### Publication series

Name | International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering, M and C 2013 |
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Volume | 2 |

### Conference

Conference | International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering, M and C 2013 |
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Country/Territory | United States |

City | Sun Valley, ID |

Period | 05/5/13 → 05/9/13 |

## Keywords

- Differential scattering PDF
- Elastic scattering
- Epithermal energy range
- Legendre moments
- Resonance upscattering