TY - JOUR

T1 - Helical magnetic structure and the anomalous and topological Hall effects in epitaxial B20 Fe1-yCoyGe films

AU - Spencer, Charles S.

AU - Gayles, Jacob

AU - Porter, Nicholas A.

AU - Sugimoto, Satoshi

AU - Aslam, Zabeada

AU - Kinane, Christian J.

AU - Charlton, Timothy R.

AU - Freimuth, Frank

AU - Chadov, Stanislav

AU - Langridge, Sean

AU - Sinova, Jairo

AU - Felser, Claudia

AU - Blügel, Stefan

AU - Mokrousov, Yuriy

AU - Marrows, Christopher H.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Physical Society.

PY - 2018/6/6

Y1 - 2018/6/6

N2 - Epitaxial films of the B20-structure compound Fe1-yCoyGe were grown by molecular beam epitaxy on Si (111) substrates. The magnetization varied smoothly from the bulklike values of one Bohr magneton per Fe atom for FeGe to zero for nonmagnetic CoGe. The chiral lattice structure leads to a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI), and the films' helical magnetic ground state was confirmed using polarized neutron reflectometry measurements. The pitch of the spin helix, measured by this method, varies with Co content y and diverges at y∼0.45. This indicates a zero crossing of the DMI, which we reproduced in calculations using first-principles methods. We also measured the longitudinal and Hall resistivity of our films as a function of magnetic field, temperature, and Co content y. The Hall resistivity is expected to contain contributions from the ordinary, anomalous, and topological Hall effects. Both the anomalous and topological Hall resistivities show peaks around y∼0.5. Our first-principles calculations show a peak in the topological Hall constant at this value of y, related to the strong spin polarization predicted for intermediate values of y. Our calculations predict half-metallicity for y=0.6, consistent with the experimentally observed linear magnetoresistance at this composition, and potentially related to the other unusual transport properties for intermediate value of y. While it is possible to reconcile theory with experiment for the various Hall effects for FeGe, the large topological Hall resistivities for y∼0.5 are much larger than expected when the very small emergent fields associated with the divergence in the DMI are taken into account.

AB - Epitaxial films of the B20-structure compound Fe1-yCoyGe were grown by molecular beam epitaxy on Si (111) substrates. The magnetization varied smoothly from the bulklike values of one Bohr magneton per Fe atom for FeGe to zero for nonmagnetic CoGe. The chiral lattice structure leads to a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI), and the films' helical magnetic ground state was confirmed using polarized neutron reflectometry measurements. The pitch of the spin helix, measured by this method, varies with Co content y and diverges at y∼0.45. This indicates a zero crossing of the DMI, which we reproduced in calculations using first-principles methods. We also measured the longitudinal and Hall resistivity of our films as a function of magnetic field, temperature, and Co content y. The Hall resistivity is expected to contain contributions from the ordinary, anomalous, and topological Hall effects. Both the anomalous and topological Hall resistivities show peaks around y∼0.5. Our first-principles calculations show a peak in the topological Hall constant at this value of y, related to the strong spin polarization predicted for intermediate values of y. Our calculations predict half-metallicity for y=0.6, consistent with the experimentally observed linear magnetoresistance at this composition, and potentially related to the other unusual transport properties for intermediate value of y. While it is possible to reconcile theory with experiment for the various Hall effects for FeGe, the large topological Hall resistivities for y∼0.5 are much larger than expected when the very small emergent fields associated with the divergence in the DMI are taken into account.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048372821&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.214406

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.214406

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85048372821

SN - 2469-9950

VL - 97

JO - Physical Review B

JF - Physical Review B

IS - 21

M1 - 214406

ER -