## Abstract

An expansion in 1/z is used to study the correlation of phase fluctuations in granular superconductors. To zeroth order in 1/z, the expectation value of any operator is given by mean-field (MF) theory, which neglects the coupling of phase fluctuations. The first-order correction involves the coupling of phase fluctuations over an infinite number of grains. The 1/z correction to the transition temperature Tc*=Tc/zJ is negative and diverges at the MF value of the critical grain diameter c, signaling a shift in c away from the MF value. For =zJ/U less than c, the phase coherence is destroyed by quantum fluctuations. The 1/z correction to c is positive, so that the coupling of phase fluctuations increases the critical grain diameter. This expansion technique is used to calculate the short-range-order parameter cos(1-2), where grains 1 and 2 are nearest neighbors. In the normal state the short-range order is enhanced at the temperature T*1/, when thermal fluctuations allow a Cooper pair to overcome the Coulomb energy barrier to tunneling between grains. This enhancement is directly related to the observed minimum in the resistivity of two-dimensional granular films. The resistivity minimum first appears when UTc, which can be simply explained in this model. Using the results for the short-range-order parameter, the 1/z corrections to the free energy and the specific heat are calculated. The fluctuation specific heat also shows signs of an enhanced phase coherence at a temperature inversely related to the grain size.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 11014-11027 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Physical Review B |

Volume | 40 |

Issue number | 16 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1989 |